Introduction – A Detailed View Into Scope 2 Emissions And Its Impact On Our Future

Scope 2 Emission | CircularTree | CarbonBlock


Organizations committed to reducing their carbon footprint and combating climate change must take steps to understand and address Scope 2 emissions. These emissions are indirect and come from purchased energy consumption. They represent a substantial portion of greenhouse gas emissions. By implementing strategies to minimize them, such as transitioning to renewable energy sources and enhancing energy efficiency, organizations can make meaningful contributions to environmental sustainability and achieve their emission reduction goals.

Reducing these emissions not only helps organizations lower their environmental impact but also enhances their reputation as environmentally responsible units. It demonstrates a commitment to sustainability and can attract environmentally conscious customers, investors, and stakeholders. Also, minimizing them can lead to cost savings in the long run by reducing energy expenses and increasing operational efficiency. Prioritizing the reduction of Scope 2 emissions aligns with global efforts to address climate change and create a more sustainable future.

Read on to access more interesting information about Scope 2 emissions.

Understanding scope emissions is crucial for calculating and mitigating an organization’s climate impact. Scope 1, 2, and 3 are categories that categorize different types of emissions, providing a structured approach to decoding carbon footprint. This classification system brings clarity to the sources of emissions within an organization.  

Scope emissions are standardized categories used to measure a company’s GHG emissions. Greenhouse Gas Protocol (GHGP). GHGP, founded by the World Resources Institute and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development, is a global framework for measuring and managing emissions through the Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard. It divides emissions into Scope 1, 2, and 3.

Definition of Scope 2 Emission

Scope 2 emissions are indirect emissions from purchased energy consumption like electricity, heating, or cooling. They occur due to a company’s energy usage but are released outside its facilities. Reporting Scope 2 emissions is crucial as nearly 40 percent of global GHG emissions stem from energy generation, with businesses consuming half of it. 

What’s Covered Under Scope 2 Emission

Scope 2 emissions represent the greenhouse gases discharged during electricity generation and other forms of power purchased by a company. Unlike scope 1 emissions, which are direct emissions from sources owned or controlled by the company, scope 2 emissions are considered indirect. 

  • They arise as a result of the company’s energy consumption
  • They are released from facilities outside its direct control. 
  • These emissions also occur upstream, originating before the company’s operational activities. 
  • They contribute significantly to global greenhouse gas emissions, accounting for nearly 40 percent of the total emissions. 

Businesses possess direct control over their Scope 2 emissions, as they can choose their energy providers and decide on the transition to renewable energy sources. This control allows organizations to proactively manage their environmental impact by opting for cleaner, more sustainable energy options. 

By selecting renewable energy sources such as solar, wind, or hydroelectric power, businesses can significantly reduce their Scope 2 emissions and contribute to mitigating climate change. This strategic decision aligns with sustainability objectives and helps showcase corporate responsibility and environmental leadership.

Understanding and addressing scope 2 emissions is crucial for organizations aiming to reduce their CCF or corporate carbon footprint and mitigate climate change impacts.

Are You Creating A Scope 2 Emission

If your company uses electricity from the grid, it indirectly contributes to the emissions connected to that power generation.

For most businesses, electricity is the primary source of Scope 2 emissions. The energy consumed can be categorized into two scopes. Scope 2 encompasses the electricity directly consumed by the end-user. Scope 3 includes the energy utilized by utilities during transmission and distribution.

The production and distribution processes of electricity purchased from utility providers or suppliers significantly influence a business’s Scope 2 emissions. A company’s reliance on electricity generated from fossil fuels versus renewable sources like biomass or natural gases ultimately dictates the level of Scope 2 emissions.

Scope 2 emissions originate from several common sources, such as:

  • Electricity grids that derive power from diverse sources like coal, natural gas, or renewable energy.
  • Purchased electricity such as steam, heat, and cooling utilized in industrial or commercial operations
  • Power sources in rented or leased office spaces, vehicles, or the energy required to operate them.
  • Energy consumption in leased assets, such as buildings or equipment.

These sources collectively constitute the indirect emissions associated with a company’s energy usage, underscoring the need for strategic measures to minimize their environmental impact and promote sustainability.

How To Calculate Scope 2 Emission

Scope 2 emissions represent a considerable percentage of an organization’s carbon footprint. They include indirect greenhouse gas emissions linked to generating purchased electricity, heat, or steam utilized by the reporting entity. 

Quantifying and reporting Scope 2 emissions presents a challenge as it involves estimating emissions that would have arisen if a company’s products or services were unavailable. However, various tools and resources are available to help companies measure their Scope 2 emissions.

  • Through diligent tracking of Scope 2 emissions, companies can assess the environmental consequences of their energy consumption patterns.
  • They can pinpoint avenues for transitioning to renewable energy alternatives.

Effectively addressing Scope 2 emissions is integral to implementing a comprehensive strategy to reduce overall emissions.

The GHG Protocol, established as a widely recognized framework, serves as a cornerstone for corporations to accurately quantify and disclose their emissions. It offers comprehensive guidelines for measuring indirect emissions associated with energy consumption (Scope 2) and other value chain activities (Scope 3). 

This structured approach ensures consistency and comparability in emissions reporting across industries and geographies. Organizations can achieve meaningful benchmarking and transparent communication of environmental performance. 

Organizations adhering to the GHG Protocol can gain valuable insights into their emissions profiles. They can identify areas for improvement and prioritize actions to reduce their carbon footprint. 

Steps for Reducing Scope 2 Emission:

Organizations have various options to minimize their scope 2 emissions effectively. These include enhancing energy efficiency measures, transitioning to renewable energy sources, and opting for environmentally friendly or “green” power alternatives. 

By implementing these strategies, organizations can reduce their environmental footprint and enjoy cost savings on their energy expenditures.

A few other ways of reducing Scope 2 emissions are:

Implement Energy-Saving Practices

Decrease electricity consumption within your company. Simple actions like turning off electronic devices when not in use and implementing energy-efficient lighting systems can significantly lower energy usage. By being attentive to electricity consumption, your company can cut costs on utility bills and lessen its environmental impact.

Encourage Sustainable Commuting Options

Promoting alternative modes of transportation can also contribute to reducing scope 2 emissions. Encourage employees to use public transportation, such as metros or buses, or consider eco-friendly biking, scootering, or carpooling options. 

Providing incentives for using sustainable commuting methods can further motivate employees to choose environmentally friendly transportation options, ultimately reducing the carbon footprint associated with commuting.

Optimize Space Utilization

Assess and optimize the utilization of office spaces. Subleasing or discontinuing rental agreements for unoccupied or underutilized spaces can help reduce energy consumption associated with heating, cooling, and powering these areas. By consolidating office spaces and adopting flexible work arrangements, your company can streamline operations while reducing its environmental footprint.

Reducing scope 2 emissions is increasingly becoming a focal point for many organizations due to its substantial contribution to greenhouse gas emissions. Organizations are actively seeking ways to enhance energy efficiency practices and embrace cleaner energy sources to address this.


Scope 2 emissions do make a significant contribution to greenhouse gas emissions. However, Scope 2 can be reduced due to its indirect nature and the availability of various emission reduction strategies. Transitioning to renewable energy sources, such as solar or wind power, reduces emissions and promotes energy independence and resilience. Investing in energy-efficient technologies and practices can further curb emissions while also yielding cost savings in the long run.